Malta Agreement 1989
At the Malta Summit, US President George H. W. Bush and Soviet Secretary General Mikhail Gorbachev met from 2 to 3 December 1989, just weeks after the fall of the Berlin Wall. It was their second meeting after a meeting in which Ronald Reagan participated in December 1988 in New York. During the summit, Mr Bush and Gorbachev would declare the end of the Cold War, although it was debated as to whether this was the case. The media reported that the Malta summit was the largest since 1945, when British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet Prime Minister Joseph Stalin and US President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed on a post-war plan for Europe at the Yalta conference. The weekend of December 1-3, 1989 will be remembered as the cold war was overthrown in the heavy Marsaxlokk Sea, when the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union, George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev, met in Malta to literally draw a line under their past differences and to enter a new era in world history. On the eve of the 20th anniversary, Stephen Calleja searched for the memories of that unforgettable weekend of Eddie Fenech Adami, then Prime Minister of Malta.  Sarotte, 1989, 67; University of Virginia, Miller Center, “Interview with Brent Scowcroft,” November 12-13, 1999, 82. It is interesting to note that the conversation memorandum is not a particular moment when Bush Kohl gave the green light to Germany; see the memorandum of the committee of bushlibrary.tamu.edu/research/memcons_telcons.php, of 3 December 1989, on the memorandum of the committee of the bushlibrary.tamu.edu/research/memcons_telcons.php. No agreement was signed at the Malta summit. Its main objective was to give the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, the opportunity to discuss the rapid changes taking place in Europe with the lifting of the Iron Curtain that had separated the Eastern Bloc from Western Europe for four decades.
The summit is considered by some observers to be the official end of the Cold War. At least it marked the absence of the tensions that were the hallmark of that era and marked an important turning point in East-West relations. At the summit, President Bush expressed support for Gorbachev`s perestroika initiative and other reforms of the Communist bloc. The documents point to a great missed opportunity in Malta, Soviet proposals to reduce mid-term weapons, and suggest that Bush`s “pause” in US-Soviet relations in 1989 delayed strategic and tactical demilitarization by at least two years (the START Treaty would not be signed until 1991 and it was not until September 1991 that Bush withdrew tactical weapons from the United States.